The monument of Jose Protacio Rizal is probably the most famous of the Philippine landmarks, the most celebrated being that it is built to commemorate the patriotism, heroism and greatness of our National Hero, and is the main attraction inside Rizal Park (now popularly known as Luneta Park).
It is consist of an obelisk set on a platform, with a bronze sculpture at the base. It is situated along Roxas Boulevard and is directly located in front of Kilometer Zero (or the starting point for all measurements in distances in the Philippines) and Quirino Grandstand, and is very near the site where Rizal was executed on December 30, 1896.
The Philippine Assembly Act No. 243, in September 1901, that grants the right to use a portion of the public land in Luneta, Manila, paved the way for the planning and construction of a monument in honor of the great reformist, patriot, writer and poet, Jose Rizal. The act also declared that this monument would not only contain a statue of our here, but would house his remains as well. Swiss sculptor, Richard Kissling, was commissioned to design the monument, after winning a design competition held especially for it, and was completed after 17 years of Rizal’s execution in 1913.
The Rizal Monument, as well as the entire Rizal Park, is managed by the National Parks Development Committee, an umbrella agency of the Department of Tourism. The monument is also continuously guarded by dedicated soldiers known as the Knights of Rizal.